Notes: A lot of great infos about the Blues guitar legend Stevie Ray Vaughan
Stevie Ray Vaughan. Part 2: His Guitars
Stevie Ray Vaughan has always been familiarly known as a Fender Stratocaster player, playing the likes of Number 1 or First Wife, Charley, Red, Scotch, Yellow or Butter and Lenny Stratocaster. However, Stevie Ray did also play other types of guitars (Dobro etc..).
First Wife Or Number 1 Stratocaster
This is perhaps the most familiar Stratocaster that Stevie Ray played and it was also his favorite. This guitar was a battered 1963 Stratocaster with a 1962 neck. Stevie believed that the body was made in 1959, but a recent examination of the guitar by several Fender employees confirms that it was a 1963 model. (In Stevie Ray Vaughan. Part 1, I made a mistake, it was a 1963 model, not a 1959 model).
Stevie first purchased Number One in 1973 from Ray’s music Exchange store in Austin Texas, following his departure from the Nightcrawlers. Shortly afterwards, he joined the Cobras with Paul Ray. In an interview, Stevie Ray said that he knew straight away that there was something special about First Wife. He liked the sunburst finish and the thick, oddly shaped D-neck. Stevie Ray has been known to have large hands and so the unusually thick neck felt comfortable.
"I didn't even have to play it - I just knew by the way it looked that it would sound great. I was carrying my '63 Strat and asked if [Ray] would like to trade. Thank God he did, and it's been my main axe even since."
Number One originally had a white pickguard and a right-handed tremelo bar. Stevie replaced the white pickguard with a black one that now adds the "SRV" lettering. Rene Martinez (Stevie’s guitar technician 1985) recalls how Stevie would sometimes resort to searching the ground around truck stops to find replacement letters when the old ones scratched off. In 1977, Stevie added a gold left handed tremelo allowing him to recreate his own upside down guitar (Jimi Hendrix and Otis Rush). The case concerning Stevie Ray’s pickups have classed some debate. Many SRV fans believe that Stevie sent the pickups to Fender to be rewound, and that they were over wound by accident. The amazing sound of Number One seems to support this idea, but the Fender employees who examined the guitar reported that the pickups were stock except for the shielding that had been added.
Eventually, Stevie, with the help of Rene replaced the Stratocasters stock pickups and upgraded them with Dunlop 6100 bass style frets. These huge frets gave Stevie Ray the sustain he needed and helped during string bending. They were also especially important to Stevie as he always use the thickest string sizes, ranging from .013 to .018! It was common that Stevie Ray’s hands would wear out and tear through his skin, so sometimes, Rene would convince him to switch to smaller strings.
Number One had been severely abused during it’s lifetime with Stevie. On stage, Stevie Ray would kick it, pound it, rattle it, ride it like a surfboard and even holding it by the tremelo bar. Number One could only take a certain amount of abuse before Stevie Ray was considering retiring it in 1989. All the abuse scratched and stripped the finish on the body. Stevie’s strumming also wore out the surface of the guitar, particularly above the strings. A huge gouge is visible on the top of the guitar.
As if you thought that wasn’t enough, sometimes, Stevie Ray would bounce his guitar off a wall, catch it, and keep playing. This was a trick that his brother, Jimmie Vaughan introduced him to. This damage caused the head stock to nearly split in two. This was repaired by Rene. The taped-up headstock can be seen in a picture on the inside of the CD leaf from “In The Beginning.”
The neck had been repaired so many times that it eventually would not take new frets. It was beginning to get difficult to play it. Rene resorted exchanging the neck from Scotch to Number One. In 1990, that neck was broken at a show in Holmdell, New Jersey, when a piece of stage equipment fell on several of Stevie's guitars. Rene eventually ordered a replacement neck from Fender and received a copy of the 1962 neck.
Number One is currently in possession of Jimmie Vaughan, Stevie Ray’s brother (After Stevie's death, Rene Martinez put the original neck back on Number One and presented it to the Vaughan family), although there are rumors that Number One was buried with Stevie in Dallas.
The Lenny Stratocaster
Lenny was an brownish-orange 1963 maple-neck Stratocaster. Lenny was named after Lenora Bailey, Stevie Ray’s wife from 1979 to 1988. Apparently, Stevie found the guitar in a pawnshop. He could no afford to pay and so one of Stevie’s roadies, Byron Barr bough it for him. He gave the guitar to Lenora and they both presented it to Stevie Ray for his 23rd birthday in 1976. Apparently, Lenora was supposed to pay Byron for the guitar (she and a few friends helped to raise money), however, it was Stevie who settled the debt, with cash and a leather jacket.
Lenny was originally a think rosewood neck, however, Stevie Ray replaced it with a thicker, non-fender maple neck. This neck was presented to him by ZZ Tops’ Billy Gibbons. Stevie kept the tremelo arm, pickups and frets in their original condition. Sometimes in 1986, Stevie would add a filigree-style decal to the bridge and put his “SRV” initials on the pickguard. Rene Martinez also modified the tremelo unit to be "floating", which enabled Stevie to either pull up or push down on the bar to bend the strings with immense force. Lenny was used with the lightest strings than all Stevie Ray’s other guitars. This would enable Stevie Ray to create a mellow sound that he used for a lot of his slow songs, including, Lenny (Duh?) and Riviera Paradise. Little is known where Lenny is kept nowadays, but rumors persist that Jimmie Vaughan has it. Check the Photo.
The Charley Stratocaster
People often make the mistake of thinking that Charley was a Fender Stratocaster. However, it was not. It was a Stratocaster-style guitar that was assembled from the spare parts by Charley Wirz of the Charley’s Guitar Shop in Dallas. Wirz often worked on Stevie's guitars and remained a close friend until he died in 1984.
Charley is all-white with a rosewood neck. On the back is a girlie-style pinup caricature and carved into the neck's heel plate are the words "To Stevie Ray Vaughan, more in ‘84”. The headstock has been imprinted with a "Charley's Guitar Shop" logo. Wirz installed three Danelectro "lipstick tube" pickups and rewired them to his own configuration. This provided Stevie Ray the tone for such tracks as "Couldn't Stand The Weather", "Tin Pan Alley", and "Life Without You" (which is actually a tribute to Charley Wirz). Check the Photo
The Red Stratocaster
Red was one of the lesser known Stratocasters that Stevie Ray possessed. Red was a 1964 Stratocaster with a rosewood neck. This red color was later offered by Fender as a custom color option. Later, Rene Martinez installed a left-handed 1964 rosewood neck on Red sometime during the mid 80's. Not much change was undergone on the Red Stratocaster, however, Stevie did add heavier gauge strings and "SRV" initials to the guitar. Stevie liked to use Red for "Love Struck Baby" and "Pride And Joy". He also used sometimes used Red instead of Number One for "Rude Mood". Stevie liked to play it rather clean, sometimes with an Echoplex and the Vibratone unit. Check the Photo.
The Butter, Or Yellow Stratocaster
There has been some debating going on about whether Stevie called this guitar Yellow Or Butter, or whether it even had a name. Some fans have called it Yellow to distinguish the Stratocaster, since it’s yellow.
Yellow is a certified 1959 Stratocaster that was given to Stevie Ray by the lead guitarist of Vanilla Fudge. Yellow was restored by Charley Wirz since it was presented in poor condition. The previous owner had hollowed out the body to accept four humbucker pickups. Wirz removed these and made a new pickguard in which he placed a single Fender pickup just below the neck. Stevie Ray bears his initials where the two pickups would normally be placed.
This hollow body gave Yellow’s tone for songs such as “Honey Bee” and “Tell Me”. Unfortunately Yellow was stolen in 1985, however it is now recovered and on display now at the Las Vegas Hard Rock Café.
The Scotch Stratocaster
Scotch was a semi-mongrel 1963 Stratocaster that was coloured in a dark cream colour, i.e. Scotch. It includes a rosewood neck and a tiger-striped pickguard, custom made by Rene. This Stratocaster was favoured by Stevie Ray once Number One was considered incapable of playing due to serious neck problems. The main modification of this guitar is seen by the brass nut, later included.
In late 1989, Stevie swapped the neck from Scotch onto Number One, and installed a left-handed neck onto Scotch. Stevie regularly played this guitar on "Leave My Girl Alone" on stage. Check the Photo.
The Main Stratocaster
This is another one of Stevie Ray’s lesser known guitars. Main was the custom Hamiltone Lurktamer Strat-style guitar, built by James Hamilton of Buffalo, NY. The guitar was given to Stevie as a gift from Billy Gibbons in 1984. Main featured a neck-through-body design, unlike any other guitar Stevie owned. The neck shape is similar to that of a Gibson Super 400 and very much like the neck on Number One. It’s fretboard is ebony with an SRV pearlroid inlay.
The pickups were active EMG’s with an onboard preamp. Stevie regularly used Main on stage for "Couldn't Stand The Weather" and "Cold Shot." Check the Photo.
The Dobro Resonator
Dobro is a specific brand of resonator guitar. This is the type of acoustic guitar that has a large steel resonator. The sound is thinner, louder and somewhat distorted sounding. A Dobro is a acoustic guitar that has a metal resonator in place of a soundhole, and is used mostly for playing slide. They are most popular among blues players. Johnny Winter has used them a lot. The guitar from the front cover of SRV’s In Step featured a Dobro acoustic resonator. Dobro is a brand name associated with Fender.
The Unknown Black Stratocaster
This guitar raises somewhat of a mystery, however, thanks to Rene, in a recent interview with Guitar Buyer, we are able to know the origins of it. It's a black Japanese Stratocaster with the inlay "SRV" around the 12th fret extending towards the upper fretboard. The Japanese Stratocaster was a gift from his guitar tech, Rene Martinez (1985) - he purchased it himself and when SRV asked to play it, he got stuck to it, trashing it, throwing it on the floor, walking on it and even holding the guitar by the tremelo bar. Appalled at himself, he said sorry to Rene but Rene told him he could keep the Stratocaster.
The Stratocaster is completely stock besides the SRV inlays.
Other guitars that I couldn’t find much information on were, the 28th National Steel guitar and the Double Neck guitar. Check the Photo.
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